Thursday, September 12, 2019

Breaking news on the GSEs; Three best pot stocks; Why the dismal performance of super-unicorns will sink the We Company's IPO; More on We

By Whitney Tilson

1) Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin is moving faster than I could have imagined to recapitalize and release from conservatorship mortgage giants Fannie Mae (FNMA) and Freddie Mac (FMCC).

Just this morning on CNBC, when asked about negotiations to end the "net worth sweep," he said (emphasis added):

That's something that the FHFA (Federal Housing Finance Agency) and we are working on. We are actively negotiating an amendment, and I think our objective is to try to get it done by the end of the month.

2) One of my readers recently asked me which pot stock I recommend...

I knew enough to warn my readers (here and here) about the silly, overpriced dreck like Tilray (TLRY) at the top of the bubble a year ago. (Sure enough, it's down 90% since then, exactly as I predicted.) But I'm not an expert on the sector... so I turned to my friend at Stansberry Research, Tom Carroll, who writes the Cannabis Capitalist newsletter.

Tom spent 17 years as an analyst and managing director at Legg Mason and Stifel Financial. His background as both an award-winning stock picker and his profound knowledge of the health care market make him well-qualified to analyze the cannabis industry and find undiscovered gems.

Here's what he sent me:

My three favorite stocks in the sector right now are:

  1. Charlotte's Web (TSX: CWEB): It's the leader in CBD products, with a five-year lead on everyone else. It has strong brand recognition and great intellectual property on its seeds and strains. And it has far less regulatory uncertainty than most other companies. I think this is a "must own" in the sector.
  1. Green Thumb Industries (CNSX: GTII): It's a vertically integrated U.S. player that's very prudent with capital and is growing intelligently with a healthy mix of organic license award wins and acquisitions.
  1. Trulieve (CNSX: TRUL): It's the dominant cannabis company in Florida, which has a robust, limited-license medical cannabis program and a population that is rapidly adopting medicinal cannabis solutions. It recently started venturing into more states and is one of the few companies turning a real profit. Also, I think it's a strong candidate to be acquired – probably one of the first to get snapped up in the coming wave of consolidation.

Though these three companies trade on Canadian exchanges, they don't actually do any business in Canada. In fact, Tom isn't a fan of the companies that operate in Canada in general. Here's why...

I'm still not a fan of the Canadian or international-focused cannabis companies, though I'm intrigued by Canopy Growth (NYSE: CGC). It remains CEO-less after the board ousted former CEO (and stock promoter) Bruce Linton.

It's a collection of assets that doesn't seem to have a good strategic direction. That said, the stock has pulled back a lot – it's been nearly cut in half in the last four and a half months.

It gets a lot of attention because spirit-maker Constellation Brands (STZ) has invested $4 billion in it, and because it trades on the New York Stock Exchange. As cannabis stocks gain traction again, it will likely see some momentum.

Thank you, Tom! If you're interested in learning more about and subscribing to his Cannabis Capitalist newsletter, click here.

3) My colleague Enrique Abeyta and I published an article on Yahoo Finance yesterday, sharing our bearish view of the We Company and other unicorns. (The article should sound familiar to regular Empire Financial Daily readers, as we discussed the topic in last Thursday's e-mail.) Read it here: Why the dismal performance of super-unicorns will sink the We Company's IPO. Excerpt:

All but one of them – Pinterest – are down from their closing price on the first day of trading... And four of them are down more than 35%!

This dismal performance certainly reinforces our view that there was a bubble among unicorn stocks, especially the biggest ones, that is now bursting in a slow and painful way. We would avoid every one of these stocks like a plague – in fact, they are all good shorts, especially Uber and Lyft, whose hope of ever achieving profitability is now in doubt as California is about to pass a law making their drivers employees rather than contractors. This is likely the start of a trend that they will be unable to stop – one that will have adverse effects on many other richly valued companies that rely on exploiting low-paid, no-benefits "gig economy" workers. Investors beware!

As for the We Company, its largest investor, Softbank, is urging it to indefinitely delay its IPO so it doesn't have to take a big write-down that would jeopardize its ability to raise its massive Vision 2 fund. But the company insists that it's going ahead with its IPO, and is desperately stashing its valuation to get it done. It has no choice: It needs to raise $3 billion in stock to unlock $6 billion in debt – money it needs to fund its overly ambitious growth plan and cover its hideous losses, which show no sign of diminishing.

It's not going to work. You can stick a fork in this IPO.

When that happens, the We Company is in big trouble. In fact, we think the company goes bankrupt within a year. That's what happens when companies run out of cash – and who, exactly, is going to provide this money-losing pig with the billions of dollars necessary to keep its fatally flawed business model alive?

4) More on the slowly unfolding, endlessly fascinating train wreck that is We (gosh I had fun writing that!):

  • A spot-on tweet by Collaborative Fund partner Morgan Housel:
  • WeWork's competitors aren't standing still – and, unlike WeWork, have vast access to low-cost capital, long relationships with clients, robust infrastructure, etc. WeWork is not in any way analogous to Airbnb, Uber, or Lyft, disrupting their industries with fundamentally different business models.

All WeWork is doing is a big carry trade on long-term versus short-term lease liabilities. The last few years have been a perfect environment for this kind of trade – yet WeWork still can't make any money! And it's easy to replicate... The reason others don't do it is that this mismatch is very risky and will lead to a blow up in a recession: WeWork's Latest Threat: Old-School Landlords Trying to Copy WeWork. Excerpt:

This June, the big landlord punched back. It launched its own co-working business, called Hines Squared, as a direct competitor to WeWork.

Other major office-building owners are doing the same, from Boston Properties to British Land PLC to Tishman Speyer, whose co-working brand, Studio, has six locations open and six more under construction.

The moves raise two big uncertainties in the real-estate world, critical to investors and tenants alike: Whether large office-building owners can forestall an Uber-like undermining of their business—and whether the flexible-space, co-working startups can outflank a well-funded counterattack.

First, WeWork hit London. Then, Boston. Then, Toronto.

Over the past six days, WeWork executives have raced from city to city in an attempt to win over increasingly skeptical investors.

But by the time the company's Gulfstream G-6 touched down outside New York late Tuesday night, the grandiose ambitions of Adam Neumann, the company's brash co-founder and pitchman, remained poised on a knife's edge. His own fortune, while still enviable, was rapidly slipping away.

With WeWork's valuation plummeting, anxiety is growing about when, how or even whether the hipster office-rental company should go public, with even its own bankers unnerved. In question, too, is where this now leaves other fast-growing, money-burning companies – the so-called unicorns.

Rarely has the view from the corner office been so at odds with the view from the marketplace. WeWork's predicament has exposed the yawning gap between what private investors think a young company might be worth and what that company might actually fetch in the stock market.

  • Lastly, this cracked me up:

Best regards,


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Empire Financial Research

Whitney Tilson

Empire Financial Research founder and CEO Whitney Tilson is the editor of the Empire Investment Report, a monthly investment advisory that focuses on cheap, high-quality stock ideas.

Whitney graduated with honors from Harvard University and Harvard Business School, where he earned an MBA and was named a Baker Scholar. Whitney spent nearly 20 years on Wall Street, during which time he founded and ran Kase Capital Management, growing assets under management from $1 million at inception to a peak of $200 million.

Once dubbed "The Prophet" by CNBC, Whitney predicted the dot-com crash, the housing bust, the 2009 stock bottom, and more. Now, he's sharing his secrets and strategies with followers of his latest endeavor, Empire Financial Research.

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